Satellite observations of cirrus clouds in the Northern Hemisphere lowermost stratosphere
Summary: Here we present observations of the Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere (CRISTA) of cirrus cloud and water vapour in August 1997 in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS) region. The observations indicate a considerable flux of moisture from the upper tropical troposphere into the extra-tropical lowermost stratosphere (LMS), resulting in the occurrence of high-altitude optically thin cirrus clouds in the LMS.
Aging of secondary organic aerosol generated from the ozonolysis of α-pinene: effects of ozone, light and temperature
C. Denjean, P. Formenti, B. Picquet-Varrault, M. Camredon, E. Pangui, P. Zapf, Y. Katrib, C. Giorio, A. Tapparo, B. Temime-Roussel, A. Monod, B. Aumont, and J. F. Doussin Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 883-897, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 1828 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)
26 Jan 2015
Tropospheric vertical column densities of NO2 over managed dryland ecosystems (Xinjiang, China): MAX-DOAS measurements vs. 3-D dispersion model simulations based on laboratory-derived NO emission from soil samples
Summary: In the paper, very good agreement between measured NO2 (MAX-DOAS) and simulated local ambient NO2 concentrations originating from enhanced soil biogenic NO emission was found. This agreement is considered as the first successful attempt to prove the validity of the chosen approach to upscale laboratory-derived biogenic NO fluxes to ecosystem field conditions. We believe that these topics and key findings make our article suitable for a wider scientific audience and for the interested public.
Characterization of biomass burning emissions from cooking fires, peat, crop residue, and other fuels with high-resolution proton-transfer-reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry
Summary: We used a high-resolution proton-transfer-reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometer to measure emissions from peat, crop residue, cooking fires, etc. We assigned > 80% of the mass of gas-phase organic compounds and much of it was secondary organic aerosol precursors. The open cooking emissions were much larger than from advanced cookstoves. Little-studied N-containing organic compounds accounted for 0.1-8.7% of the fuel N and may influence new particle formation.
Sunset–sunrise difference in solar occultation ozone measurements (SAGE II, HALOE, and ACE–FTS) and its relationship to tidal vertical winds
Summary: The solar occultation measurements measure the atmosphere at sunrise (SR) and sunset (SS). It has been reported that there is a significant difference in the observed amount of stratospheric ozone between SR and SS. This study first revealed that this difference can be largely explained by diurnal variations in ozone, particularly those caused by vertical transport by the atmospheric tidal winds. Our results would be helpful for the construction of combined data sets from SR and SS profiles.
A comparison of four receptor models used to quantify the boreal wildfire smoke contribution to surface PM2.5 in Halifax, Nova Scotia during the BORTAS-B experiment
Summary: This paper presents a quantitative comparison of the four most commonly used receptor models, namely absolute principal component scores, pragmatic mass closure, chemical mass balance, and positive matrix factorization. The receptor models were used to predict the contributions of boreal wild-fire smoke and other sources to PM2.5 mass in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada during the BORTAS-B experiment. This paper also presents a new woodsmoke PM2.5 enrichment factor (levoglucosan x 52).
A comparison of HONO budgets for two measurement heights at a field station within the boreal forest in Finland
Summary: Nitrous acid (HONO) is a key species in atmospheric photochemistry since the photolysis leads to the important hydroxyl radical (OH). Although the importance of HONO as a precursor of OH is known, the formation pathways of HONO, especially during daytime, are a major challenge in atmospheric science. We present a detailed analysis of sources and sinks for HONO in the atmosphere for a field measurement campaign in the boreal forest in Finland and wonder if there is really a source term missing.
R. Oswald, M. Ermel, K. Hens, A. Novelli, H. G. Ouwersloot, P. Paasonen, T. Petäjä, M. Sipilä, P. Keronen, J. Bäck, R. Königstedt, Z. Hosaynali Beygi, H. Fischer, B. Bohn, D. Kubistin, H. Harder, M. Martinez, J. Williams, T. Hoffmann, I. Trebs, and M. Sörgel Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 799-813, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 3442 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)
23 Jan 2015
Model calculations of the effects of present and future emissions of air pollutants from shipping in the Baltic Sea and the North Sea
Summary: In order to assess the effects of ship emissions in and around the
Baltic Sea and the North Sea, regional model calculations are made
with the EMEP air pollution model. Ship emissions are based on
accurate ship positioning data. The effects on depositions and air
pollution and the resulting number of years of life lost (YOLLs)
are calculated by comparing model calculations with and without
ship emissions, with ship emissions before and after 2010, and for future
Ozone production and transport over the Amazon Basin during the dry-to-wet and wet-to-dry transition seasons
Summary: In the Amazon Basin, gases that lead to the formation of ozone (O3), an air pollutant and greenhouse gas, are emitted from fire, urban and biogenic sources. This study presents the first basin wide aircraft measurements of O3 during the dry-to-wet and wet-to-dry transition seasons, which show extremely low values above undisturbed forest and increases from fires. This work also demonstrates the capabilities and limitations of regional atmospheric chemistry models in representing O3 in Amazonia.
M. M. Bela, K. M. Longo, S. R. Freitas, D. S. Moreira, V. Beck, S. C. Wofsy, C. Gerbig, K. Wiedemann, M. O. Andreae, and P. Artaxo Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 757-782, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 7944 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)
21 Jan 2015
Comment on "Reduced efficacy of marine cloud brightening geoengineering due to in-plume aerosol coagulation: parameterization and global implications" by Stuart et al. (2013)
Summary: This study examines the parameterized model of Stuart et al. (2013) vis-a-vis a diffusion based model proposed by Anand and Mayya (2011) to estimate the fraction of aerosol particles surviving coagulation in a dispersing plume. Results show that the two models agree with each other within a difference of 10%, and suggest either of the two models might be suitable for incorporation into global-/regional-scale air pollution models.
Investigating types and sources of organic aerosol in Rocky Mountain National Park using aerosol mass spectrometry
Summary: Atmospheric particles can contribute to environmental degradation. An aerosol mass spectrometer was used with positive matrix factorization to explore submicron particle sources in Rocky Mountain National Park, finding that ammonium (3.9%), nitrate (4.3%), sulfate (16.6%), and two types of oxidized organic aerosol (66.9% total) are transported on upslope winds from the urban Front Range, while local campfires contribute 8.4% of mass.
Top-down estimates of European CH4 and N2O emissions based on four different inverse models
P. Bergamaschi, M. Corazza, U. Karstens, M. Athanassiadou, R. L. Thompson, I. Pison, A. J. Manning, P. Bousquet, A. Segers, A. T. Vermeulen, G. Janssens-Maenhout, M. Schmidt, M. Ramonet, F. Meinhardt, T. Aalto, L. Haszpra, J. Moncrieff, M. E. Popa, D. Lowry, M. Steinbacher, A. Jordan, S. O'Doherty, S. Piacentino, and E. Dlugokencky Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 715-736, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 4233 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)
19 Jan 2015
Explicit representation of subgrid variability in cloud microphysics yields weaker aerosol indirect effect in the ECHAM5-HAM2 climate model
Mercury vapor air–surface exchange measured by collocated micrometeorological and enclosure methods – Part I: Data comparability and method characteristics
Summary: Mercury vapor fluxes measured by the micrometeorological (MM) and dynamic flux chambers (DFCs) methods were compared. Distinct temporal trends existed between MM and DFCs fluxes; the novel chamber method provided net cumulative flux on a level with those derived by MM methods. Statistical analysis indicated that the medians of turbulent fluxes estimated by three MM techniques were not significantly different. Recommendations are given regarding the deployment of Hg flux quantification methods.
C. Prados-Roman, C. A. Cuevas, T. Hay, R. P. Fernandez, A. S. Mahajan, S.-J. Royer, M. Galí, R. Simó, J. Dachs, K. Großmann, D. E. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, and A. Saiz-Lopez Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 583-593, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 1644 KB)Supplement (566 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)
16 Jan 2015
Seasonal and interannual variations in HCN amounts in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere observed by MIPAS
N. Glatthor, M. Höpfner, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, B. Funke, S. Lossow, E. Eckert, U. Grabowski, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, K. A. Walker, and A. Wiegele Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 563-582, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 6011 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)
16 Jan 2015
Modeling dust as component minerals in the Community Atmosphere Model: development of framework and impact on radiative forcing
Summary: The main purpose of this study was to build a framework in the Community Atmosphere Models version 4 and 5 within the Community Earth System Model to simulate dust aerosols as their component minerals. With this framework, we investigate the direct radiative forcing that results from the mineral speciation. We find that adding mineralogy results in a small positive forcing at the top of the atmosphere, while simulations without mineralogy have a small negative forcing.
On the use of a satellite remote-sensing-based approach for determining aerosol direct radiative effect over land: a case study over China
Summary: In this work, a satellite-based approach to derive the aerosol direct shortwave (SW) radiative effect (ADRE) is studied. The method is based on using coincident satellite observations of SW fluxes and aerosol optical depths (AODs). The key findings of this study are that using normalized values of observed fluxes improves the estimates of ADRE and aerosol-free TOA fluxes as compared to a model. The method was applied over eastern China where the satellite-based mean ADRE of -5Wm-2 was obtained.
Improved AIOMFAC model parameterisation of the temperature dependence of activity coefficients for aqueous organic mixtures
Summary: This study presents a new, improved parameterisation of the temperature dependence of activity coefficients implemented in the AIOMFAC group-contribution model. The AIOMFAC model with the improved parameterisation is applicable for a large variety of aqueous organic as well as water-free organic solutions of relevance for atmospheric aerosols. The new model parameters were determined based on published and new thermodynamic equilibrium data covering a temperature range from ~190 to 440 K.
Understanding high wintertime ozone pollution events in an oil- and natural gas-producing region of the western US
Summary: High 2013 wintertime O3 pollution events associated with oil/gas production within the Uinta Basin are studied using a 3D model. It's able quantitatively to reproduce these events using emission estimates of O3 precursors based on ambient measurements (top-down approach), but unable to reproduce them using a recent bottom-up emission inventory for the oil/gas industry. The role of various physical and meteorological processes, chemical species and pathways contributing to high O3 are quantified.
R. Ahmadov, S. McKeen, M. Trainer, R. Banta, A. Brewer, S. Brown, P. M. Edwards, J. A. de Gouw, G. J. Frost, J. Gilman, D. Helmig, B. Johnson, A. Karion, A. Koss, A. Langford, B. Lerner, J. Olson, S. Oltmans, J. Peischl, G. Pétron, Y. Pichugina, J. M. Roberts, T. Ryerson, R. Schnell, C. Senff, C. Sweeney, C. Thompson, P. R. Veres, C. Warneke, R. Wild, E. J. Williams, B. Yuan, and R. Zamora Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 411-429, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 2552 KB)Supplement (1190 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)
Integrating laboratory and field data to quantify the immersion freezing ice nucleation activity of mineral dust particles
Summary: Laboratory and field data are used together to develop an empirical relation between the concentrations of mineral dust particles at sizes above 0.5 microns, approximated as a single compositional type, and ice nucleating particle concentrations measured versus temperature. This should be useful in global modeling of ice cloud formation. The utility of laboratory data for parameterization development is reinforced, and the need for careful interpretation of ice nucleation data is emphasized.
P. J. DeMott, A. J. Prenni, G. R. McMeeking, R. C. Sullivan, M. D. Petters, Y. Tobo, M. Niemand, O. Möhler, J. R. Snider, Z. Wang, and S. M. Kreidenweis Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 393-409, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 2169 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)
13 Jan 2015
Erythemal ultraviolet irradiation trends in the Iberian Peninsula from 1950 to 2011
Summary: This paper develops two models for the reconstruction of ultraviolet erythemal radiation (UVER). The models are based on shortwave radiation (SW) and sunshine duration measurements. Both models are used to reconstruct UVER irradiation at nine Spanish places from 1950 to 2011. The trends of UVER are calculated at different periods. UVER presented a brightening phenomenon, but not dimming, due to the ozone depletion until the mid-1990s.
Importance of transboundary transport of biomass burning emissions to regional air quality in Southeast Asia during a high fire event
Summary: In this study, we simulated the regional transport and evolution of biomass burning occurring in Indonesia during the high fire event in 2006.
We studied and quantified the contribution of those fires to the Singapore pollution levels.
This high resolution modelling study showed that about half of the particulate pollution events in Singapore were mainly due to fires occurring in Sumatra (Indonesia), while the other half were due to local pollution.
Development towards a global operational aerosol consensus: basic climatological characteristics of the International Cooperative for Aerosol Prediction Multi-Model Ensemble (ICAP-MME)
W. R. Sessions, J. S. Reid, A. Benedetti, P. R. Colarco, A. da Silva, S. Lu, T. Sekiyama, T. Y. Tanaka, J. M. Baldasano, S. Basart, M. E. Brooks, T. F. Eck, M. Iredell, J. A. Hansen, O. C. Jorba, H.-M. H. Juang, P. Lynch, J.-J. Morcrette, S. Moorthi, J. Mulcahy, Y. Pradhan, M. Razinger, C. B. Sampson, J. Wang, and D. L. Westphal Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 335-362, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 11857 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)
13 Jan 2015
Estimation of PM10 concentrations over Seoul using multiple empirical models with AERONET and MODIS data collected during the DRAGON-Asia campaign
Summary: The estimation of PM10 from optical measurement of AERONET and MODIS by various empirical models was evaluated for the DRAGON-Asia campaign. The results showed the importance of boundary layer height (BLH) and effective radius (Reff) in estimating PM10. The highest correlation between the estimated and measured values was found to be 0.81 in winter due to the stagnant air mass and low BLH, while the poorest values were 0.54 in spring due to the influence of long-range transport above BLH.
Simulations of atmospheric methane for Cape Grim, Tasmania, to constrain southeastern Australian methane emissions
Summary: The paper compares methane observations at Cape Grim, Tasmania, with model-simulated methane to better constrain methane fluxes from southeastern Australia. Inventory estimates of anthropogenic methane emissions appear to be supported by observed atmospheric methane. A missing methane source in springtime (October to November) is tentatively attributed to wetland emissions.
Z. M. Loh, R. M. Law, K. D. Haynes, P. B. Krummel, L. P. Steele, P. J. Fraser, S. D. Chambers, and A. G. Williams Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 305-317, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 446 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)
13 Jan 2015
A global non-hydrostatic model study of a downward coupling through the tropical tropopause layer during a stratospheric sudden warming
Summary: The dynamical coupling process between stratosphere and troposphere in the tropical tropopause layer (TTL) during stratospheric sudden warming (SSW) was investigated using simulation data of global non-hydrostatic model (NICAM) that does not use cumulus parameterization. The results suggested that increased stratospheric tropical upwelling associated with SSW induced decreased static stability in TTL, which contributes to increased convective activity and changes in its large-scale organizations
Global investigation of the Mg atom and ion layers using SCIAMACHY/Envisat observations between 70 and 150 km altitude and WACCM-Mg model results
Summary: Global concentration fields of Mg and Mg+ in the Earth's upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere (70-150km) are presented. These are retrieved from SCIAMACHY/Envisat satellite grating spectrometer measurements in limb viewing geometry between 2008 and 2012.
These were compared with WACCM-Mg model results and a large fraction of the available measurement results for these species, and an interpretation of the results is done. The variation of these species during NLC presence is discussed.
Elemental ratio measurements of organic compounds using aerosol mass spectrometry: characterization, improved calibration, and implications
Summary: Atomic oxygen-to-carbon (O:C), hydrogen-to-carbon (H:C), and organic mass-to-organic carbon (OM:OC) ratios of ambient organic aerosol (OA) species provide key constraints for understanding their sources and impacts. Here an improved method for obtaining accurate O:C, H:C, and OM:OC with a widely used aerosol mass spectrometer is developed. These results imply that OA is more oxidized than previously estimated and indicate the need for new chemical mechanisms that simulate ambient oxidation.
M. R. Canagaratna, J. L. Jimenez, J. H. Kroll, Q. Chen, S. H. Kessler, P. Massoli, L. Hildebrandt Ruiz, E. Fortner, L. R. Williams, K. R. Wilson, J. D. Surratt, N. M. Donahue, J. T. Jayne, and D. R. Worsnop Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 253-272, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 607 KB)Supplement (717 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)
12 Jan 2015
Mapping CH4 : CO2 ratios in Los Angeles with CLARS-FTS from Mount Wilson, California
K. W. Wong, D. Fu, T. J. Pongetti, S. Newman, E. A. Kort, R. Duren, Y.-K. Hsu, C. E. Miller, Y. L. Yung, and S. P. Sander Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 241-252, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 3251 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)
12 Jan 2015
Seasonal in situ observations of glyoxal and methylglyoxal over the temperate oceans of the Southern Hemisphere
Summary: Glyoxal and methylglyoxal are short-lived organic trace gases and important precursors of secondary organic aerosol. Measurements over oceans are sparse. We present the first in situ glyoxal and methylglyoxal observations over remote temperate oceans, alongside observations of precursor gases. Precursor gases cannot explain observed mixing ratios, highlighting an unknown source. We show a large discrepancy between calculated vertical column densities of glyoxal and those retrieved by satellite.
The impact of dust storms on the Arabian Peninsula and the Red Sea
Summary: This study aims to quantify the effect of severe dust events on radiation fluxes and regional climate characteristics over the Arabian Peninsula. We simulated the storm that occurred from 18 to 20 March 2012 and swept over a remarkably large area affecting the entire Middle East, North-Eastern Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. We estimate that this storm generated over 94 Mt of dust and deposited approximately 1.2 Mt of dust into the Red Sea, bringing nutrients to marine ecosystems.
Air quality and atmospheric deposition in the eastern US: 20 years of change
Summary: Data collected in the eastern US between 1990 and 2009 at 34 paired dry and wet monitoring sites are examined. A goal is to evaluate the air quality impacts occurring over four 5-year periods between 1990 and 2009 that are associated with concurrent legislatively mandated changes in emissions. Results suggest that legislatively mandated air pollution mitigation strategies have been successful in improving air quality and reducing atmospheric deposition in the eastern US.
Global and regional modeling of clouds and aerosols in the marine boundary layer during VOCALS: the VOCA intercomparison
Summary: Simulations from a group of GCMs, forecast models, and regional models are compared with aircraft and ship observations of the marine boundary layer (MBL) in the southeast Pacific region during the VOCALS-REx field campaign of October-November 2008. Gradients of cloud, aerosol, and chemical properties in and above the MBL extending from the Peruvian coast westward along 20 degrees south are compared during the period.
M. C. Wyant, C. S. Bretherton, R. Wood, G. R. Carmichael, A. Clarke, J. Fast, R. George, W. I. Gustafson Jr., C. Hannay, A. Lauer, Y. Lin, J.-J. Morcrette, J. Mulcahy, P. E. Saide, S. N. Spak, and Q. Yang Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 153-172, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 2560 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)
09 Jan 2015
Simulations of a cold-air pool associated with elevated wintertime ozone in the Uintah Basin, Utah
Summary: This paper uses numerical model simulations to investigate the meteorological characteristics of the 31 January–6 February 2013 cold-air pool (also know as a temperature 'inversion') in the Uintah Basin, Utah, and the resulting high ozone concentrations. A number of factors that influence cold pools and pollutant concentrations in the Uintah Basin are discussed, including snow cover, ice fog, and thermally driven flows.
Inverse modelling of CH4 emissions for 2010–2011 using different satellite retrieval products from GOSAT and SCIAMACHY
M. Alexe, P. Bergamaschi, A. Segers, R. Detmers, A. Butz, O. Hasekamp, S. Guerlet, R. Parker, H. Boesch, C. Frankenberg, R. A. Scheepmaker, E. Dlugokencky, C. Sweeney, S. C. Wofsy, and E. A. Kort Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 113-133, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 5014 KB)Supplement (3973 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)Special Issue
09 Jan 2015
Constraints on Asian ozone using Aura TES, OMI and Terra MOPITT
Summary: We use satellite measurements of O3, CO and NO2 from TES, MOPITT and OMI to quantify O3 precursor emissions for 2006 and their impact on free tropospheric O3 over northeastern Asia. Using the adjoint of GEOS-Chem, we found that Chinese emissions have the largest influence on the free tropospheric O3. The contributions from lightning NOx in summer and India and southeastern Asia emissions in winter are sizable, comparable with Chinese emissions.
Tracing the second stage of ozone recovery in the Antarctic ozone-hole with a "big data" approach to multivariate regressions
Summary: Recent research suggests the Antarctic ozone hole has started to shrink due to decreasing ozone-depleting substances. Because it could be questioned how robust these results are, we provide an assessment of uncertainties in both the underlying ozone observational records and the detection-attribution method. Although Antarctic ozone concentrations are definitely increasing slowly, the formal identification of recovery is not yet justified, although this will likely become possible this decade.
On the composition of ammonia–sulfuric-acid ion clusters during aerosol particle formation
Summary: We used an ion mass spectrometer at CERN's CLOUD chamber to investigate the detailed composition of ammonia--sulfuric acid ion clusters (of both polarities) as they initially form and then grow into aerosol particles, at atmospherically relevant conditions. We found that these clusters’ composition is mainly determined by the ratio of the precursor vapors and ranges from ammonia-free clusters to clusters containing > 1 ammonia per sulfuric acid. Acid--base bindings are a key formation mechanism.
S. Schobesberger, A. Franchin, F. Bianchi, L. Rondo, J. Duplissy, A. Kürten, I. K. Ortega, A. Metzger, R. Schnitzhofer, J. Almeida, A. Amorim, J. Dommen, E. M. Dunne, M. Ehn, S. Gagné, L. Ickes, H. Junninen, A. Hansel, V.-M. Kerminen, J. Kirkby, A. Kupc, A. Laaksonen, K. Lehtipalo, S. Mathot, A. Onnela, T. Petäjä, F. Riccobono, F. D. Santos, M. Sipilä, A. Tomé, G. Tsagkogeorgas, Y. Viisanen, P. E. Wagner, D. Wimmer, J. Curtius, N. M. Donahue, U. Baltensperger, M. Kulmala, and D. R. Worsnop Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 55-78, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 1815 KB)Discussion Paper (ACPD)Special Issue
07 Jan 2015
Seasonal characteristics of fine particulate matter (PM) based on high-resolution time-of-flight aerosol mass spectrometric (HR-ToF-AMS) measurements at the HKUST Supersite in Hong Kong
Summary: (1) NR-PM1 at the HKUST Supersite was highly aged, with a high sulfate content and highly oxygenated organics.
(2) Seasonal variation in NR-PM1 concentration was not obvious, but the relative fractions of different species showed strong seasonal dependence.
(3) Both NR-PM1 concentrations and the relative fractions showed a strong dependence on air mass origin.
(4) Both locally produced and regionally transported organic aerosols contribute to the organic content of PM at this site.
Corrigendum to "Secondary organic aerosol formation exceeds primary particulate matter emissions for light-duty gasoline vehicles" published in Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 4661–4678, 2014
T. D. Gordon, A. A. Presto, A. A. May, N. T. Nguyen, E. M. Lipsky, N. M. Donahue, A. Gutierrez, M. Zhang, C. Maddox, P. Rieger, S. Chattopadhyay, H. Maldonado, M. M. Maricq, and A. L. Robinson Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 19-20, 2015 AbstractFinal Revised Paper (PDF, 43 KB)Corresponding Article
07 Jan 2015
The effect of dry and wet deposition of condensable vapors on secondary organic aerosols concentrations over the continental US
Summary: Organic material found in ambient aerosol is mostly formed through the oxidation of gaseous precursors. It is semi-volatile under atmospheric conditions, and it continuously partitions between the gas and particle phases. At the same time, it is also highly water soluble. We show that wet and especially dry deposition of semi-volatile organic compounds in the gas phase are major indirect removal pathways for the particle phase, and hence need to be accurately accounted for in modeling studies.