Nudging technique for scale bridging in air quality/climate atmospheric composition modelling
1Istituto di Scienze dell'Atmosfera e del Clima, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 40129 Bologna, Italy
2Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development ENEA, Air Pollution Unit, via Martiri di Monte Sole, 4 40129 Bologna, Italy
Abstract. The interaction between air quality and climate involves dynamical scales that cover a very wide range. Bridging these scales in numerical simulations is fundamental in studies devoted to megacity/hot-spot impacts on larger scales. A technique based on nudging is proposed as a bridging method that can couple different models at different scales.
Here, nudging is used to force low resolution chemical composition models with a run of a high resolution model on a critical area. A one-year numerical experiment focused on the Po Valley hot spot is performed using the BOLCHEM model to asses the method.
The results show that the model response is stable to perturbation induced by the nudging and that, taking the high resolution run as a reference, performances of the nudged run increase with respect to the non-forced run. The effect outside the forcing area depends on transport and is significant in a relevant number of events although it becomes weak on seasonal or yearly basis.