Measurements of HONO during BAQS-Met
1Department of Chemistry, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
2Centre for Atmospheric Chemistry, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
*now at: Environment Canada, Science and Technology Branch, Toronto, ON, Canada
**now at: Environment Canada, Science and Technology Branch, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Abstract. Measurements of nitrous acid (HONO) were performed as part of the 2007 Border Air Quality and Meteorology Study (BAQS-Met) at the Harrow, Ontario, Canada supersite between 20 June and 10 July 2007. Nitrous acid is an important precursor of the hydroxyl radical and understanding its chemistry is important to understanding daytime oxidation chemistry. The HONO measurements were made using a custom built Long Path Absorption Photometer (LOPAP). The goal of this work was to shed light on sources of daytime HONO in the border region. During the course of the campaign HONO mixing ratios consistently exceeded expected daytime values by more than a factor of 6. Mean daytime mixing ratios of 61 pptv were observed. While HONO decay began at sunrise, minimum HONO values were measured during the late afternoon. There was little difference between the daytime (mean = 1.5%) and night-time (mean = 1.7%) ratios of HONO/NO2, thus there was a very strong daytime source of HONO which is consistent with other recent studies. Correlations of daytime HONO production with a variety of chemical and meteorological parameters indicate that production is dependent on UV radiation, NO2 and water vapour but is not consistent with a simple gas phase process. Apparent rate constants for the production of HONO from photolyticaly excited NO2 and water vapour vary from 2.8–7.8×10−13 cm3 molec−1 s−1, during the campaign. These results appear to be consistent with the heterogeneous conversion of NO2 enhanced by photo-excitation.